No other civilization has preserved its ancient and historical roots better than China. The Chinese people have taken great care to preserve their customs, literature, historical records, art
and architecture. China has been very successful in repelling the influence of many foreign countries on their history and culture. Or in many instances, after shaken off the shackles and rules of its conquers,
adopted those elements, which are contributing to its wealth. (Honk Kong is the best example today)
Through the centuries, China has survived many inner-destructive forces from warlords, civil chaos and political anarchy, including the Cultural Revolution that was originated by the late
Chairman Mao Zedong. (The “Great Leap Forward “campaign – a crash program of industrialization.) In a land that is so tightly ruled by cruelty and tradition, the wearing of the color yellow was reserved as the sole
privilege to the imperial family and violations were quickly punished by merciless execution.
The center of imperial power in China was “The Forbidden City” and the long held rule was that no building in the capital city of Beijing could exceed the heights of the wall. Since the
founding of the Peoples Republic of China in 1949, this rule has been eased and today there are about 60 skyscrapers that dot the skyline of the ancient city of Beijing.
One of the long-term problems created in the civil war is the creation of two separate Chinese states. Communists led by Chairman Mao Zedong established on the mainland the “Peoples Republic
of China”. The “Republic of China” which is located on the island of Taiwan (Formosa) was established by retreating Kuomintang forces loyal to General Chiang Kai-shek. The “Republic of China” follows the democratic
ideology and philosophies of General Chiang Kai-shek. Both republics with different ideologies have emerged from a people suppressed and oppressed by colonial powers and invaders. They stepped into a highly
sophisticated technical society with atomic weaponry at their disposal. Should the two Chinas ever unite, which may happen sooner or later, this country has the capacity to become the most powerful state in the 21st